In December 2019 a new virus, officially named SARS-CoV-2 emerged in a food market in Wuhan, China and since then it has created a situation of panic in the whole world. The disease caused by this virus is called COVID-19, short for coronavirus disease 19. So far, more than 150,000 people have been infected and more than 7,000 official deaths have been registered. This is indeed a troublesome situation, but you don’t need to panic as if you follow some simple guidelines you can avoid getting infected.
There are several preventive measures that you can take to avoid getting infected from this virus. You should wash your hands thoroughly (the recommended time to wash hands is about 20 seconds) with soap or a sanitizer. Furthermore, you need to avoid contact with people or at least limit it. Don’t go out if you are sick or you have the symptoms of the virus.
Maintain distance from other people if you’re coughing or sneezing and use your arm to cover your mouth and nose. Also, maintain distance from other people who are coughing or sneezing, because if you are too close and that person is infected you are likely to get infected too.
You must not touch your eyes, mouth, and nose with unwashed hands. You touch different surfaces, so your hand can pick up the virus and transfer it to your eyes, mouth, or nose. This also means you should clean objects that you touch often like your mobile, laptop, doorknob, etc.
If you have a running nose, fever, or difficulty breathing, you must get medical care. You shouldn’t go out or make contact with other people. Getting early medical care is important for two reasons. First, you would know whether or not you are infected, and secondly, if you are not infected, you can be treated and your immune system would be able to fight the virus.
If you follow these guidelines not only you would protect yourself but your family and people around you as well.