Generally, the doctors and researchers focus only on the partner that’s giving birth and don’t give much attention to the other partner, but the study shows that a miscarriage increases the risk of PTSD in both partners.
The birth-giving partner is at a higher risk of developing PTSD after pregnancy loss, where the other partner can also develop symptoms, but to a less degree.
The study took place in the United Kingdom and involved 193 couples, each comprising of one man and one woman. They were approached in the hospital units for early pregnancies and were asked to complete an online survey one, three, and nine months after the pregnancy loss.
The researchers had to determine how many participants were suffering from anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress PTS, due to the early pregnancy. To determine this, they had to use the PDS and Hospital Anxiety and HADS within the surveys. The response of the parents to the loss had both similarities and differences, both had negative feelings, but the emotional response is mostly disparate, because of the pressure on the birth parent.
In the beginning, the non-birthing partners try to be supportive and provide emotional and physical comfort to the birthing parent, where the birthing partners become more reclusive and introverted. As time passes, the non-birthing parent would try to fix things physically and emotionally.
The events that cause PTSD can be recurring or isolated. The symptoms of PTSD are divided into four categories i.e. avoidance, hyperarousal, negative thoughts, and re-experiencing. According to the recent study, re-experiencing was the most common symptom found in both partners after the birth loss.
If any couple has to bear such an event, they should try to be sensitive to each other. The usual way of a non-birthing partner to deal with the situation is not very helpful; he should try to be a good listener. Both partners should take time to talk to each other and engages in different activities that would help them heal sooner. They can also use the help of support groups, counselors, and even therapists.